Acne is one of the most common skin disorders and, as you know, it consists of the obstruction of the hair follicles due to an accumulation of fat, dead cells and other traces of dirt in them. It can also be caused by other causes such as excessive production of oil by the sebaceous glands, the appearance of bacteria or an irregular functioning of hormones.
Although acne is a condition that occurs mainly in adolescence, factors such as the consumption of certain medications, a diet rich in carbohydrates or excessively high levels of stress can also trigger its appearance. The clearest symptom of this skin disease is the appearance of bumps or pimples on the face or other areas of the body such as the back, shoulders and chest.
Milliums (or pilosebaceous follicles)
Millium cysts (cystic grain) are small whitish or yellow bumps that appear when keratin (or protein present in the skin, hair and nails) accumulates in the pores of the skin glands until they become clogged. This type of pimple on the skin is usually found in areas of the face such as the eyelids, cheekbones, jaw and back of the ears. Although the exact causes of its appearance are not known, there are factors that increase the probability of suffering from them, such as having suffered a skin condition such as burns and the consumption of certain medications such as corticosteroids.
How to treat these pimples
The most common treatments to eliminate millium cysts are, on the one hand, removal and emptying of its interior by a doctor and, on the other hand, the application of some pharmacological treatments such as retinoid cream or lotion with alpha-hydroxy acids . In addition to these professional methods, we can also try steam baths at home so that the steam facilitates its extraction.
However, as tempting as it may be, you should avoid squeezing or removing them like a normal pimple, as this will only cause the skin to become infected.
Common pimples are the type of bumps on the skin that usually appear when we suffer from acne. This type of pimples are caused by the infection and obstruction of the hair follicles due to the accumulation of sebum, dead cells and other traces of dirt on the skin. In addition to this, this type of pimples are usually characterized by being small reddish lumps that can appear anywhere on the face.
How to treat pimples on the face
Depending on their severity, common pimples are often treated with topical medications such as retinoids , antibiotics, and/or salicylic acid, oral medications, and oral treatments. However, the appearance of this type of acne can also be treated and prevented with daily care: facial cleansing, facial exfoliation and a healthy diet. In addition to this, you can also try homemade masks made with natural products that have antiseptic and antibacterial properties to eliminate the agents that are causing this skin condition.
Comedones or pimples
Comedones, also commonly known as pimples, are lesions that appear when the follicle's duct or canal becomes obstructed by excessive production of keratin. This type of pimples on the skin are usually more frequent during adolescence and usually appear in areas of the face such as the nose. Within these pimples, comedones or pimples can be of two types:
- Blackheads or comedones : they are open comedones and acquire that dark hue due to the oxidation of fats or due to skin contact with the environment. The most effective way to treat a blackhead is through a professional facial. However, we can also perform exfoliations with natural products at home to remove the accumulation of fat and dirt from the pores.
- White dots or comedones : they are closed comedones and are characterized by being very small pimples with a white tip. In this case, the best way to treat them is with the topical application of natural lotions such as tea tree oil , a homemade antiseptic that helps reduce the inflammation of this type of grain. However, in the most serious cases it is advisable to go to the dermatologist.
The internal pimple, also known as a cystic pimple, is a bump that appears on the face when the pores of the skin become deeply clogged. This type of pimple is characterized by not having a central black or white point and by being reddish and painful, due to the inflammation it causes in our dermis . Although the causes of internal pimples usually derive from hormonal changes, cystic pimples can also be caused by factors such as an improper diet, stress, allergy to a product or the use of cosmetics that are too aggressive for the skin.
How to treat internal pimples
- Lemon Sugar Scrub – Due to the astringent power of these ingredients, this lemon sugar scrub will remove the buildup of impurities and dead skin cells that are clogging your pores.
- Green clay mask : it has astringent properties that reduce the oil in the pores and dry these grains more quickly.
- Tea tree oil : it has antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties that will eliminate the accumulation of impurities in the skin pores and help regenerate damaged skin faster.
Boils are a skin condition caused by a bacteria known as Staphylococcus aureus , which is usually found on the skin, especially inside the nose . However, this skin condition can also be triggered by factors such as diabetes, having a weakened immune system or suffering from other skin conditions such as eczema or common acne.
Boils can appear anywhere on the body, but they usually occur on the face, armpits, neck, or inner thighs. It differs from other types of pimples by being very painful reddish lumps with a white tip of pus and by increasing in size as they fill with this liquid.
How to treat boils
Mild boils can be treated at home with the application of compresses moistened with warm water, as these will both relieve pain and promote the natural drainage of its content. However, in the case of large boils, they will be removed either with incision and subsequent drainage by a doctor or with the use of antibiotics.
Acne conglobata is a serious and chronic condition that is characterized by beginning with the appearance of pimples and common pimples to lead to more severe lesions that stand out for being painful, reddish in color (due to inflammation), with pustules or pus and even for disfiguring the features of the face (in the most serious cases). In addition to this, acne conglobata can also cause deep abscesses, fever and deformities in other parts of the skin such as the neck, chest, buttocks and thighs.
How to treat acne conglobata
In addition to following certain guidelines at home such as improving your diet, keeping the pimple areas clean and not touching acne lesions, it is important that you go to the dermatologist to treat this type of pimple on the skin.