Types of feet


Have you ever wondered what type of foot you have? Each one is unique and, throughout history, feet have been classified depending on their anatomy (flat, high arched or normal foot). However, different civilizations have named the typology of the feet according to their morphology, a distinction that is described based on the length of the fingers and the proportions with respect to the rest.

Hallux valgus, bunion in woman foot on white background

Finally, there is a classification based on the length of the first metatarsal, a toe that can alter the harmony of the foot in question. 

Types of feet according to their anatomy

The classification of the feet according to their anatomy is one of the most common classifications. To do this, we must look at the height of the plantar arch which, depending on the foot, can produce different types of plantar pressure. This classification is decisive for the prevention of various problems such as a foot ulcer, which diabetics can develop, for example.

Based on this classification, we can determine the following types of feet according to their anatomy:

  • Flat feet: the plantar arch has little or no height.
  • Pes cavus: the plantar arch has a great height.
  • Normal foot: plantar height is medium.

It is important not to confuse foot types according to their anatomy with footprint types, since they are not related to each other, although they are named in the same way.

Types of feet according to the length of the fingers

Throughout history, various civilizations have given names to the different types of feet based on their morphological classification . These typologies are determined based on the length of our fingers and the proportions with respect to the rest. In this sense, there are three basic types of feet, which are related to some civilizations in history: the Egyptian foot, the Greek foot and the Roman foot.

Egyptian foot

What is the Egyptian foot? The Egyptian foot is one whose second toe is shorter than the first . That is to say, it presents a decreasing order from left to right (or from right to left depending on how you look at it), with the hallux or big toe being the longest of the five and from there the others decrease in size in an almost perfect decreasing line. It is the most common type of foot, since between 50% and 60% of people have this morphology.

If you are wondering what the most common foot type is, this is the one that most shoe manufacturers use as a pattern. In addition, the Egyptian foot does not usually cause problems or adverse effects when making a firm and safe step, since the decreasing shape of the fingers allows greater stability .

Also, if we had to select which type of foot is the most beautiful, the Egyptian would take the cake. However, when the first metatarsal is longer than normal, the person can develop over time and without proper treatment osteophytic osteoarthritis or also called hallux rigidus.

Although it may not seem like it, it is a common condition that can be reversed, in most cases, with the use of special insoles and avoiding very tight shoes, and in more extreme cases it will require surgical intervention.

For some people, the feet also tell us about our personality. Thus, those who have the Egyptian foot are normally defined as dreamers, idealists and impulsive people or people with changeable moods.

greek foot

Approximately 15% of the population has a Greek foot. But what is the Greek foot? This typology is defined by having the second finger longer than the first or hallux.

This type of foot can cause problems when the length of the second toe is excessive and exceeds the first by more than a centimeter, since on these occasions the toe can be positioned in a claw due to the lack of space it has when it is compressed against the toe of the shoe.

Therefore, if you have this type of foot, it is advisable to look for suitable shoes or slippers that can hold your foot comfortably. Now, the name of this typology comes from Greek mythology , since some of the sculptures and reproductions of the time present this shape of the foot in different mythological characters and deities.

Now, what do a person's feet say if he has the Greek type? As for its meaning, it is related to active, intelligent and very enthusiastic people , that is, good leaders and sports lovers.

Roman foot or square foot

We call Roman foot or square foot those types of feet that have the first and second toes of the same length. If you were wondering what the rarest type of foot is, this is the least frequent typology and they are usually wide feet, so people who have this type of foot usually need shoes with wide lasts to gain more space and be comfortable when walking. time to put on shoes

On the other hand, the Roman or square foot is associated with organized, practical and decisive personalities , who flee from improvisation and who are not at all impulsive. Their coherence and their values ​​make them transmit security and trust.

According to the length of the first metatarsal

In addition to the above classifications, we can describe the type of fie based on the length of their fingers. Specifically, the typologies are defined based on the length of the first metatarsal, which is the bone behind the first toe or hallux. Depending on its size, we can differentiate between the index minus, index plus or index plus minus typology.

This classification is one of the most important at a medical level, since the metatarsals are the “levers” that help us to propel. Taking into account the length of the metatarsals will help to properly diagnose and treat possible foot problems, ulcers or other pathologies.

Index minus

Index minus refers to those types of feet that have the first metatarsal shorter than the second . That is, the one that supports all the load that would correspond to the first finger is the second. These types of feet usually suffer from overloads such as metatarsalgia in the affected area and are even more likely to develop hallux valgus, popularly known as bunions.


We speak of index plus when the first metatarsal is longer than the second . This type of foot is more likely to suffer from pathologies such as hallux rigidus (loss of mobility of the first toe joint) or sesamoiditis (inflammation of the small bones that are located under the first metatarsal).

Index plus minus

Within the types of feet, this index plus minus morphology occurs when the first and second metatarsals are the same . We recommend you see the image below for a better understanding of the different types of feet that we can find in the classification according to the length of the first metatarsal.

If you liked this post about how many foot types there are and what they are, you will surely love our following articles about foot care:

  • How to deflate feet.
  • How to rest your feet.
  • How to relax your feet.


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