Causes of scleroderma: The causes behind this disease are actually unknown. However, it is believed that the main causes may be the following:
- Genes: various investigations have managed to discover that it is related to specific genes, although it has not been possible to go further or determine if it is a factor that is really key in its development.
- Lupus or polymyositis’s: there have also been cases in which this disease has been linked to other pathologies related to the immune system such as lupus or polymyositis’s because it usually manifests itself at the same time when the symptoms are observed in a generalized way in the person. In any case, it has not been possible to fully clarify this link either.
- Autoimmune disorder: what does seem to be clearer is that it is an autoimmune disorder, which causes the person's own immune system to destroy the healthy tissue in the body, mainly the skin, as we have discussed above.
Scleroderma manifests itself on the skin, although its symptoms may be noticed in other parts of the body. This is explained by the existence of different types of this disease. Depending on the one you have, it will be noticed in one part or another of the body, although all of them are always perceived on the skin.
In fact, the skin of the hands and face are the most common areas in which this pathology makes its appearance. They are usually the cases in which localized scleroderma is suffered, which is not usual to spread or spread to other areas of the body.
Symptoms of cutaneous scleroderma
When the symptoms are seen in wider areas of the skin, apart from making their appearance in organs such as the lungs, kidneys or heart, we would be facing scleroderma or systemic sclerosis. In general, regardless of the type of scleroderma you have, there are some symptoms that are common:
- Blue or white color of the skin: mainly of the fingers and toes. Lighter and darker areas may also appear in the dermis.
- Tension of the skin: in particular, of the fingers, forearms and face, which is accompanied by rigidity that does not disappear no matter how much moisturizing or nourishing creams are applied that are used for the usual personal care in the day to day.
- Small white tumors: seen under the skin. Sometimes, this white substance is secreted, which for many people is reminiscent of the paste used for dental hygiene.
- Sores or ulcers: which are mainly located on the tips of the toes or hands and even on both parts of the body together.
Symptoms of scleroderma in other parts of the body
In addition to the manifestations in the skin, this disease presents and is recognized by many other symptoms that affect the muscles, bone tissues and organs.
- Hair loss: in general, we can talk about people who suffer from this pathology also suffer from hair loss.
- Joint pain and numbness: Joint pain is also noticed and like some numbness in some parts of the body, such as the feet. In the joints it is felt through inflammation and stiffness, which are manifested in specific areas such as the wrists or fingers.
- Respiratory and digestive problems: the symptoms can include dry cough and shortness of breath, as well as problems in the digestive system. In this case, the most common are difficulty swallowing, poor digestion due to esophageal reflux or heartburn. These are situations that are accompanied by episodes of diarrhea or constipation.
With this explanation, we hope from to have explained in a simple and clear way what scleroderma is and its symptoms. Do not forget to go to a doctor for any indication that you may suffer from this rare disease so that he can treat you and guide you in the care you need.