A few days ago, you measured your blood pressure and do not know if your results are within what is considered healthy? Blood pressure is a parameter that measures the force exerted by the heart against the arteries when it is pumping blood in our body. If the results of our blood pressure are within the values that have been established as normal, we should not worry. However, if the pressure in the arteries is higher or lower than healthy, we should go to the doctor since it could be the reflection of developing a health problem.
But how do I know if the pressure in my arteries is okay or on the contrary is considered higher or lower than normal? Is blood pressure normal at 140/80? If you want to know the answers to your questions, keep reading this article from where we will give you information about some aspects that you should know about blood pressure. You may also be interested in: Is blood pressure normal 100/60?
What is blood pressure and how is it measured?
Blood pressure is a meter that reflects the force exerted by blood flow pumped by the heart into the walls of the arteries. This parameter is measured with the help of an electronic sensor or stethoscope along with a bracelet that will squeeze the patient's arm to exert pressure. This device will result in two types of blood pressure values:
- Systolic pressure: This parameter measures the pressure exerted by the heart when it pumps blood.
- Diastolic pressure: it is the parameter that measures the pressure when the heart rests between each beat.
Today there is no strict value that can define a normal blood pressure. However, according to MedlinePlus, the values of blood pressure considered healthy are between 120 mmHg in the case of the systolic part and approximately between 80 mmHg in the case of diastolic pressure.
According to the same medical library, when one of the two figures is a little less than those we have mentioned, it is also within the normal. However, if these values are very high or very low compared to those we have defined as normal, the patient could be within the following cases:
- Prehypertension: Blood pressure is slightly above normal. In this case the systolic is between 130 mmHg and the diastolic between 85-89 mmHg.
- Arterial hypertension type 1: it is when one of the two values is above the healthy (between 140-159 mmHg systolic or more than 90 mmHg diastolic).
- Arterial hypertension type 2: occurs when the values are well above normal (between 160 mmHg systolic and / or 100 mmHg diastolic).
- Hypotension: Blood pressure is lower than normal (about 100/60 mmHg).
Is blood pressure normal at 140/80? – here the answer
Now that we know how to interpret the values of the devices that are responsible for measuring it, we can answer the initial question: “Is blood pressure normal at 140/80?”.
A blood pressure of 140/80 is NOT normal, so if these have been the results of your blood pressure, we must tell you that they are not within what is considered healthy. In fact, if we return to the cases that we have explained in the previous section, when the systolic pressure is between 140 and 159 mmHg, we will be talking about values that indicate a high blood pressure. However, we cannot say categorically that you are suffering from stage 1 hypertension, since within that they are high figures, they are right at the limit set by specialists.
If you have measured your blood pressure at home and have obtained these figures, it is important that to find out more forcefully if you have high blood pressure or not go to the doctor to measure your blood pressure again and can diagnose this disease more accurately.
Causes and symptoms of high blood pressure
High blood pressure we have already mentioned that occurs when blood pressure values are above normal. Although there are no exact causes that can cause this medical condition, we can find some factors that increase the risk of hypertension:
- Abnormal hormone levels.
- Imbalance between the amount of water and salt we have in the kidneys.
- Modifications in the structure of both arteries and blood vessels.
- Consumption of certain medications such as those assigned for asthma or the birth control pill.
- Chronic kidney disease.
- Genetic inheritance.
- Poor diet.
- Excess alcohol consumption.
- Stress and anxiety.
Although many times they do not manifest themselves clearly, there are some symptoms of high blood pressure that we can recognize more easily:
- Weakness and dizziness
- Blurred vision
- Chest and/or stomach pain
- Shortness of breath
- Very fast pulse
- Nausea and vomiting
If your values are at 140/80 mmHg and you have some or several symptoms of those we have mentioned, it is best to go to the doctor for a better diagnosis. In addition, in this other article we explain more about what are the symptoms of high blood pressure.