The human organism is constantly exposed to the danger of bacteria and viruses that test the immune system. All areas of the body are susceptible to being attacked by external agents, such as the digestive system. In this sense, one of the bacteria that put it in check is Helicobacter pylori, which can infect the stomach.
To prevent and treat the effect of Helicopter pylori on the stomach, it is convenient to know in depth what exactly it is and what are the symptoms it can produce to be able to detect it quickly. In addition, it is important to know how it is transmitted and what should be done to avoid infecting the rest of the family. If you think I have Helicobacter pylori, can I spread it to my family? In. we help you to solve all your doubts about it.
What is Helicobacter pylori
An infection with H. pylori bacteria occurs when it manages to infect the stomach. Becoming infected by Helicobacter pylori is very common during childhood, with a high universal reach (affects approximately two-thirds of the world's population) and being one of the frequent causes of peptic ulcers, that is, the appearance of open sores or an area in the flesh located in the stomach lining or intestine.
The vast majority of the population does not realize that they suffer from a Helicobacter pylori infection because they never fall ill, they do not notice symptoms. Therefore, if you have symptoms of suffering from a peptic ulcer, your doctor will probably do the appropriate tests for the detection of an infection by this bacterium.
Helicobacter pylori infections can have different types of treatment depending on each case and its severity:
- Anti-ulcer medications to reduce the amount of acid generated in the stomach.
- Antibiotics to prevent or cope with infections.
- If the infection causes any type of ulcer, surgery is another medical option to kill this stomach bacteria.
In addition, having a proper diet especially rich in fiber is essential to treat Helicobacter pylori.
Symptoms of Helicobacter pylori
Importantly, most people infected with Helicobacter pylori never have clear symptoms or signs of infection. Although there are no clear results on why this happens, it is possible to state that some people are born with greater resistance to the harmful effects of the bacteria.
However, in cases where Helicobacter pylori does manifest symptoms of infection, these are the following:
- Acute abdominal pain on an empty stomach.
- Abdominal burning or burning pain.
- Loss of appetite.
- Very frequent belching.
- Weight loss.
You should make an appointment with your doctor when you notice any of the signs listed above, but you will need to ask for it urgently in case you experience these symptoms:
- Difficulty swallowing.
- Very severe or persistent abdominal pain.
- Black tarry or bloody stools.
- Vomiting similar to coffee beans, black or bloody.
How Helicobacter pylori bacteria are transmitted
H. pylori bacteria are mostly transmitted from person to person, especially during childhood. Its treatment is very important even if the infection does not present symptoms, since otherwise it can remain for life.
There is some confusion about how Helicobacter pylori is transmitted between people. Still, it can spread in the following ways:
- Contaminated water and food.
- Word-of-mouth contact.
- Contact with fecal matter (feces).
- Contact with animals.
Risk factors for becoming infected with this stomach bacteria are linked to living conditions in childhood, such as:
- Living without access to reliable sources of clean water: Having a reliable supply of clean drinking water reduces the risk of getting Helicobacter pylori.
- Overcrowding: Living in a home with many people increases the risk of infection by this bacterium.
- Living with someone infected with Helicobacter pylori: If a family member you live with has become infected, the likelihood of having this infection increases.
- Living in an underdeveloped country: Populations in developing countries are more likely to live in unsanitary conditions, with a lack of drinking water and overcrowding, so they have a higher risk of becoming infected by the bacteria.
Taking into account the ways of transmission of the bacteria (person to person) and the risk factors of infection, you can spread it to your family if you have Helicobacter pylori or be infected if someone who lives with you has these bacteria, especially if you are in one or more of the risk conditions.
What to do to avoid infecting my family with Helicobacter pylori
The prevention of this disease and the measures to take to avoid infecting anyone in your family are based on perfect hygiene and isolating yourself as much as possible. The best thing so that the infection is not contagious is not to interact excessively with cohabiting people until you make sure that you have overcome it, the hands well after going to the bathroom and, in addition, try to eat in very clean places.
Now that you know that you can infect your family if you have Helicobacter pylori, it is also necessary that you consult your doctor and be informed about How to clean the stomach of bacteria and home remedies to eliminate Helicobacter pylori.