Lumbar stenosis is a fairly common condition. In fact, it is common to suffer at some point throughout life, especially as years go by. Its symptoms are very similar to those of sciatica, although it has nothing to do with this disease.
So that you know how to recognize it and how to treat lumbar stenosis, in we are going to give you a series of tips and guidelines so that you feel good and do not have to stop your day to day due to the discomfort caused by this pathology.
What is lumbar stenosis
The first thing we need to clarify is what lumbar spinal stenosis is, which is commonly known as lumbar stenosis. This is a compression or strangulation of the roots of the spinal nerves, which are in the lower back. This occurs for several reasons:
- Over the years: the main one is that, over the years, the vertebrae of the spine come together and, therefore, the nerves are pressed.
- Problems in the back: it is also due to other factors such as problems in the back with which you have been born or that have been accentuated by certain postures when studying or working.
- Herniated disc: In general, this is the most common reason of all why lumbar stenosis occurs.
In general, the most common symptoms of lumbar stenosis are pain in the area or numbness, which is located in the lower back and goes down the buttocks and legs. In addition, you may notice a certain tingling sensation, as well as weakness or like your legs do not hold your body. These symptoms are often confused with sciatica, although the latter pathology differs in that the pain radiates to the foot.
Natural treatment for lumbar stenosis
Lumbar stenosis can be cured in many cases without having to resort to surgery. In fact, there are several natural treatments, which are called non-invasive, that are quite effective.
- Anti-inflammatories: they are the medications that the doctor usually prescribes in these cases in order to lower the inflammation.
- Epidural injections: they are another option that the doctor can consider depending on the pain and the situation of the patient with lumbar stenosis. Normally, these injections are put in the epidural space of the back and usually contain steroids to lower inflammation, apart from having some type of local anesthetic.
Exercises for lumbar stenosis
Another way to combat lumbar stenosis or prevent it is to do a series of exercises for this specific area. On this occasion, it will be the doctor or physiotherapist who determines the exercises to be performed. In general, they will focus on strengthening the lumbar area so that the muscles support the spine and vertebrae in their normal position. For example, hypopressive abdominals or exercises such as riding an exercise bike, slightly tilting the back forward, are indicated.
Prohibited exercises for lumbar stenosis
In addition to doing physical exercise periodically, you must also make changes in your day to day. Above all, you should avoid all those positions in which you have to force your back, apart from not being convenient for you to take a lot of weight. Beware also of bending down badly to pick up, for example, an object that has fallen.
Surgery for lumbar stenosis
Sometimes, when the pain is continuous and frequent, the doctor can indicate the convenience of having to go through the operating room to solve this health problem. This happens when you can't do your normal life. In these cases, the surgery that is most indicated for each patient will also be assessed.
- Lumbar laminectomy – this is the most common surgery for this type of pathology. This technique consists of making a microdescomprehension to avoid pressure so that the surgeon can remove the harmful part of the disc.
- Facetectomy: also known as foraminotomy, it involves removing a part of the bone structure, which is located in the spinal canal.
- Distractors from the interspine apósifis: these are another option. In this case, surgery involves putting devices between the bone structures so that they open and relieve pressure in the spinal area.
- Microscopic DE comprehension: also called microscopic surgery, it differs by using a technique to decompress the area through a tube so that the soft tissue is not very affected and the patient's recovery is much faster.
These are the main surgeries and other tips that we have told you in so that you know what to do and how to treat lumbar stenosis. But we remind you that it is not good to self-medicate and that you should always go to the doctor to prescribe the most appropriate treatment and determine whether or not it is necessary for you to go through the operating room to solve these discomforts.