Difference Between Pneumonia and Pneumonia

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In general, there are many doubts about the term that should be used when we refer to a lung infection: should we talk about pneumonia or pneumonia ? The truth is that only one of these terms is correct to diagnose inflammation in these organs, but do you know which one it is?

Difference Between Pneumonia and Pneumonia

What is the difference between pneumonia and pneumonia

Using the term pneumonia or pneumonia to refer to lung inflammation is very common today. However, you should know that pneumonia is a term that fell out of use a long time ago, so the correct word we should be using is pneumonia.

Pneumonia is an acute and chronic disease that manifests itself when the lung tissues become inflamed due to an infection in the alveoli. This infection can be caused by a virus, fungus, bacteria or external chemical and physical irritants.

There are at least two types of pneumonia:

  • The first is that pneumonia considered serious that can be complicated if not treated immediately.
  • The second type of pneumonia is known, colloquially, as atypical or walking pneumonia. This is less severe than typical pneumonia and its symptoms are not as severe as the previous one. However, it is important that it be taken into account and that it be cured as soon as possible so that possible complications do not occur.

When speaking of a double pneumonia , it means that both lungs have been affected by the disease.

Causes of pneumonia

Pneumonia is usually spread by a virus, fungus or bacteria , although it can also be caused by irritants such as chemicals or dust, as these can cause inflammation of the lungs.

A very common reason why people get and spread pneumonia is badly cured flu viruses . You should also bear in mind that permanent infections can aggravate the situation of the lungs and trigger pneumonia. On the other hand, atypical or walking pneumonia is generally caused by a bacterium called mycoplasma. This bacterium takes 2 to 3 weeks to develop and is usually spread by exposure of a patient to other patients.

Symptoms of pneumonia and pneumonia

Common symptoms in pneumonia are:

  • Chest pain
  • high fevers
  • Acute and constant cough
  • Green or yellowish phlegm
  • Difficulty breathing

When pneumonia is chronic, you may also hear a wheeze when you breathe. The differential key between typical and walking pneumonia are the degrees of fever, since in the first type there is usually a higher fever that appears suddenly. If you suffer from atypical pneumonia, you may also feel a headache, general malaise and weakness. These symptoms are also common in bronchitis, which makes it difficult to differentiate one disease from another at first.

Although bronchitis is also considered a serious respiratory disease, the symptoms are usually milder. As its name suggests, bronchitis occurs when the bronchial tubes, or connecting tubes to the lungs, become inflamed.

Diagnosis and treatment of pneumonia

No respiratory ailment or condition should be taken lightly. Given the feeling of tiredness, pain and persistent cough, it is best to go to the doctor so that he can advise you on the best treatment for your case. It is also important that you go to the specialist if you have been sick with the flu for a long time and do not see any improvement.

Diagnosis begins with a medical checkup that includes listening to the chest to hear the lungs. In some cases, a chest x-ray is also requested to confirm the diagnosis. Finally, and in case an acute infection is suspected, your doctor may order a blood test

Treatment will depend on the type of pneumonia or bronchitis you've been diagnosed with. However, and in any case, rest is very important for the patient's recovery, as well as taking care of the environment in which you find yourself: it is important that you avoid dust, cigarettes, the use of perfumes, etc.

How to prevent pneumonia and pneumonia

Preventing respiratory infections is a difficult task since, as we have seen, their origin is found in viruses, bacteria and fungi. However, you can do some things to reduce the risk of contagion :

  • Keep the space where you live and work clean and free of dust.
  • Avoid contact with people who are infected or have the flu.
  • Avoid cigarettes, watch your diet and exercise every week to strengthen your immune system.
  • Finally, check with your doctor if you should get vaccinated to protect your immune system and help defend against these types of diseases. It is important that you consult your doubts and problems with a doctor before undergoing any treatment, since not all of them may be suitable for your problem.

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